Domestic partnerships began in the 1980s as a way for people to same-sex couples to live in a domestic relationship similar to a married couple. As same-sex marriages were illegal pretty much everywhere, this was the only way for these couples to commit to spending a life together.
While there is a legal aspect to marriage, it is really the bond between the spouses that people are attracted to. California recently changed their laws surrounding domestic partnerships so that nearly anybody can come together to join into a domestic partnership. In doing so they offer an alternative way to show the bond and dedication that comes with marriage without going through that particular process.
How Do I Register a Domestic Partnership?
You must register a domestic partnership with the California Secretary of State. In order to do so you must first make sure that you meet all the requirements set forth in the California Family Code section 297. If you were to look at the section you would find that there is a lot of writing to sift through but thankfully it’s not as complicated as it sounds.
If you meet the requirements of section 297 then you will fill out a Declaration of Domestic Partnership Form DP-1. This is a four page document that asks for such information as:
- You and your partner’s names.
- Any middle or last name changes as part of the domestic partnership.
- Your mailing address.
- The county and date of the signing, as well as the name and title of the officer overseeing it.
There really isn’t a lot to go over in the document, two pages of which include instructions and information on fees and the like. The process of registering your domestic partnership is quite simple. Things get more interesting when it comes to discussing the possible downsides to a domestic partnership and the benefits that come from one.
In the last couple of years the process has been expanded to include an online form which can be found through the Secretary of State’s website. Payments for the online form still must be handled either in person or through money order, so the new form isn’t entirely online but it can help to speed up the process.
What are the Benefits of a Domestic Partnership?
Try to keep in mind, however, that a domestic partnership isn’t purely beneficial. For example, you may be held responsible for your partner’s debts and it can be difficult to navigate through the tax season because domestic partnerships occur at the state level but you need separate forms for the federal level.
Thankfully, there are quite a few benefits to a domestic partnership. Along with the joy that comes from forming a partnership and having it recognized, there is also:
- Housing rights
- Life and accident insurance
- Parental leave
- The ability to adopt a child previously born to one of the domestic partners
- The right to own community property
- Either person taking the other’s last name
- Protections for the surviving partner should the other die
- Inheritance rights
- Visitation rights in both jails and hospitals
- Bereavement leave
- Health, dental and vision insurance
- The ability to make medical decisions for a partner
- The ability to make financial decisions for a partner
- The rights and obligations attached to raising a child born during the domestic partnership
Can Anyone Enter Into a Domestic Partnership?
July 30, 2019 marked the date that Gov. Gavin Newsom signed into law the legislation that allows for all Californians to register as domestic partners. Previously, partners of the opposite sex had to get married to get the same level of benefits in the eyes of the legal system. With this new legislation almost any Californian can enter into a domestic partnership.
But there are still a few caveats that could prevent you from being able to form a domestic partnership. Thankfully, they are in place in order to protect people rather than to discriminate against anyone and you are likely not to have an issue with them.
Those who can’t enter into a domestic partnership are:
- Those that are related by blood in a manner that would stop them from being able to get married. If your blood-relation is distant enough to get married, then it is distant enough to enter into a domestic partnership.
- Those who are under 18 years of age. Now this one is a little tricky because being under 18 doesn’t entirely disqualify you from entering into a domestic relationship but it does require you to get a special court order to allow it.
- People who cannot consent to a domestic partnership. It requires the consent of both parties to enter into a domestic partnership and so if one party is unable to give consent for any reason then you cannot enter into a domestic partnership.
- People who are already married or who are already part of a domestic partnership cannot enter into a domestic partnership with another individual. There are stipulations within California law that allow for two individuals in a domestic partnership to get married to each other without having to first dissolve the partnership.
Entering into a domestic partnership is a big thing but it is easier to dissolve a domestic partnership than it is to terminate a marriage. This can make a domestic partnership a good idea for a couple who wants to stay together but doesn’t want to take it too quickly and get married right away. If the partnership ends in less than five years, you don’t have children together and you meet a few other requirements related to finances then you can terminate a domestic partnership the same way it began – by filling out a form.
Who Should I Talk to Before Registering a Domestic Partner?
You should talk it over with your potential partner. And then you should talk it over a second and a third time. Make sure it’s what you both want.
If it is then you should talk to an attorney. The process should be quick and easy but an experienced attorney will be able to help you both to ensure the transition is as smooth as possible. There are lots of little things that you might not be prepared for if you simply do all your research through Google. Give us a call at (559) 277-7330. We’re happy to help you prepare for the transition into a domestic partner.[/fusion_text]